Even before seeing that second blue line in a home pregnancy test, vomiting and nausea can already welcome a woman into pregnancy. Commonly referred to as morning sickness, vomiting and nausea are actually all-day and all-night pregnancy symptom that can haunt a pregnant woman even past the first trimester.
There are a lot of ways to alleviate vomiting and nausea during pregnancy, but what works for one woman does not necessarily mean it will work for another.
There are over-the-counter medications, herbal treatments, natural remedies, and prescription medications that are available to pregnant women to help them deal with morning sickness. What is important though is that there should be a constant communication between the pregnant woman and her health practitioner as they both explore options to help the patient get through morning sickness. This is because even some herbal and natural remedies can be dangerous to take during pregnancy, and therefore require a doctor’s advice.
Here are some drug and non-drug options that a pregnant woman can take for nausea and vomiting:
1. Non-drug remedies.
Natural treatments can help in treating nausea and vomiting during pregnancy. In fact certain diets and avoiding nausea triggers can greatly help in alleviating the symptoms. And while triggers may vary from one pregnant woman to another — taking note of these triggers can greatly help in avoiding episodes of dizziness and vomiting. Here are some non-drug alternatives that you may want to consider:
- Try chewing ginger to get rid of nausea. Alternatively you may want to drink natural ginger tea. Chamomile tea can also help.
- Aromatherapy can also be very helpful particularly inhaling lavender scent from essential oils. Try lighting up scented candles, reed diffusers, and even oil diffusers to help circulate the scent in a particular area.
- Calm down. Anxiety over the pregnancy can cause nausea. Talk to someone and try to address whatever fears you may have about your new life situation.
- Take care of your body. Stay hydrated by at least ensuring an intake of at least 2.5 liters of water daily. Stay active if your health practitioner gives you the go signal to do light to moderate exercises. Sleep more at night and get more rest during the day. Tiredness and exhaustion can make any person feel nauseous so rest is key.
- Pay attention to your stomach health to avoid vomiting. Do not take your vitamins and pre-natal supplements on an empty stomach. Avoid food that makes you gassy and bloated. Eat small and frequent meals during the day.
2. Over-the-counter medicines.
There are medicinal treatments to help with nausea and vomiting during pregnancy that can be bought without a prescription. Foremost of which is Vitamin B6 which the American college of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommend. An antihistamine like doxylamine can also be taken to deal with nausea. The downside of doxylamine though is that it can cause drowsiness so avoid driving once you have taken a dose.
If the vomiting is gastro-intestinal in nature meaning it is caused by reflux or hyperacidity, doctors usually recommend taking antacids like Zantac.
3. Prescription Medicines
If natural treatments and over the counter medicines won’t work then it is high time to consult your obstetrician and ask for a prescription for nausea and vomiting. Health practitioners usually prescribe any of the following:
- Promethazine (Phenergan)
- Prochlorperazine (Compazine)
- Metoclopramide (Reglan)
When symptoms persist, and you continue feeling nauseous and you end up throwing up most of the time, go back to your obstetrician and inform him about your concern. Constant throwing up is a danger of dehydration which may affect you and the baby. At the same time it is important to get diagnosed if ever you have other pregnancy illnesses like Hyperemesis Gravidarium which may require a different set of medication and therapy.